Job safety analysis (JSA)

A job hazard analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment. Ideally, after you identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level.

OSHA does not require a job safety analysis (JSA) or job hazard analysis (JHA) in the traditional sense of the terms. However, OSHA does view them as a best practice, and they can be a part of the overall worksite analysis.

Attendees will be able to:
• Create a list of “jobs” that are performed by workers
• Prioritize the jobs for the JHA process
• Involve employees in the JHA process
• Break down each job into its most basic steps
• Identify the hazards associated with each step

Job Safety Analysis covers the following topics:

Identify Workplace Hazards
• What can go wrong
• What are the consequences
• How could it arise
• What are other contributing factors
• How likely is it that the hazard will occur

Good Hazard Scenarios
• Where it is happening (environment)
• Who or what it is happening to (exposure)
• What precipitates the hazard (trigger)
• The outcome that would occur should it happen (consequence)
• Any other contributing factors