Bloodborne Pathogens

Overview: Bloodborne pathogens are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Needle sticks and other sharps-related injuries may expose workers to bloodborne pathogens. Workers in many occupations, including first responders, housekeeping personnel in some industries, nurses and other healthcare personnel, all may be at risk for exposure to bloodborne pathogens.

Standard(s) covered: 1910.1030

Attendees will be able to:
• Explain what bloodborne pathogens are and how they are spread
• Identify the Universal Precautions
• Identify preventive and control measures to take to help protect against exposure to harmful bloodborne pathogens
• List the activities to avoid when biohazard materials are present to minimize the chance of spreading infection and exposing others
• Discuss how to respond to emergencies involving bloodborne pathogens
• Recognize what to do in the event that exposure to bloodborne pathogens occurs

Bloodborne Pathogen Basics
• Introduction to Bloodborne Pathogens
• Transferring Pathogens
• Who is at Risk?

Protect Yourself
• Emergency Number
• Preventive Measures
• Hepatitis B Vaccine
• Universal Precautions
• Control Measures
• Engineering and Work Practice Controls
• PPE
• Housekeeping
• Waste Disposal and Laundry
• Signs, Labels, and Colors

Exposure & Decontamination
• Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens
• Reporting Exposures
• The Decontamination Process
• Disposing of Biohazard Materials
• Post-Exposure Requirements
• Employee Rights